The Egyptian religion is one of the oldest recorded spiritual-based metaphysical systems. The doctrine integrated with magick to such an extent that one does not exist without the other. Egyptians belief based on the understanding that invisible and unknowable energy exists above and in all; that energy is known as Maat. Maat manifested the universe and all physical and supernatural out of the nothingness of the original state of all the NU. Many Goddesses and Gods came into existence, some greater and some lesser; Ra, Isis, Osiris, Set, Horus, Nut, Anubis, and Nephthys, to name a few. The Goddesses and Gods molded the universe and controlled the manifestation of the Maat. The Egyptian Goddesses and Gods manifested themselves into the physical form of humans, animals, and human-animal highbred. Taking physical form was seen as the manifestation of the divine the Neteru. The Egyptians believed in the Goddesses and Gods and the powers and abilities spoken of in their stories, religious teachings, and myths.
The Egyptian faith was polytheist in nature and based on a wide variety of Goddesses and Gods. This large amount of deities leads to branching off into many groups of Egypt that focused on a singular Goddess or God and created a cult-like following. The Goddesses and Gods drew their power from the Maat; this energy manipulation (magick) was called Heka. Heka is the force that was manifested at the beginning of the physical to create the universe. The Pharoah was the intermediary between the divine and humankind. Maat is the energy that exists in all things, physical and supernatural. This energy is the balance, and unity that exists and that holds all together. The three levels of existence, the sky, the earth, and the underworld; these are surrounded by the NU and penetrated by the Maat.
Nature and all within nature is divine, and this force can be drawn upon by the Goddesses and Gods at the command of man; however, the Maat naturally controls this force, the sun rising and setting and the flooding of the Nile are examples of this. Through prayer, ceremonies, words of power, secret names, and symbols, the Egyptians would interact with the divine. The Egyptian practitioner could command the Gods, Spirits, Elements, and Ancestors to do there will. These powers are the acts of the divine, and therefore, they are limitless. A practitioner who was properly trained and possessing the right words can control friendly and unfriendly powers; no God or Spirit can resist.
Through the use of Heka, the practitioner can influence nature, heal the sick, stop pain and suffering, or cause pain and suffering. A skilled practitioner can inscribe amulets or objects with symbols or words of power and evoke the energy of the universe, the Maat, into the object. This allows the property of the symbol to live in the amulet giving it, its power until the amulet is destroyed. A wax effigy of a person or object can be made and evoked with Maat through the use of words of power to allow the practitioner to influence the energies around the person or object that the effigy represents. To project one's energy into an object or animal, the practitioner calls on the Gods and evokes the Maat; the soul can temporarily occupy the target, and control its actions. The Egyptians had a code of ethics designed to check the abuses of magick. This code followed the law of balance the core of the Maat, that all are judged by after death.
To understand the universe, one must understand one's self physically and spiritually. Men, and women are manifestations of the universe, and the universe is a manifestation of God, to know one's self is to know God. Egyptian practitioners studied the spiritual history of the Gods, sacred words, sacred symbols, and rituals. The practitioner used meditation, prayer, invocations of the Gods and Spirits, visualization, and the imagination to walk the path of Egyptian spirituality (Heka) and manipulate the Maat the practitioner learns to align his energy his Ka with that of the Gods and uses his will and intent to command the divine.
The Egyptians believed the divine consciousness was layered; it consisted of the Ba (soul), the Ka (spirit), and the Kah (higher self). The three levels of consciousness are contained in the human body (Aufu). The Ka is the life force energy, and it leaves the body at the time of death; it animates the Aufu, it is considered the spirit. In life the Ka is sustained in life with food and drink, therefore in death, the Egyptians leave nourishment as offerings for the deceased's Ka. The Ba contains the conscious experiences of one's life (one's personality) the Ba is the soul. The Ba is attached to the Aufu must be released, removed from the body at the time of death to unite with the Ka. There are elaborate rituals and rites to ensure the deceased's consciousness is separated from the Aufu, was sustained and could move on. One's Ka could attach its self to a place or person if not detached and remain after death. The funerary text the book of the dead is an instruction manual and a map for the dead to navigate the other worlds and reach Osiris for judgment. Once one reaches Osiris, the heart of the deceased is weighed by Osiris to ensure that the deceased lived following the laws of Maat. If the deceased is found worthy, the Ka and the Ba are united. Transforming the energy into the Akh, allowing the soul to gain the powers of the Gods and move to the higher realms.
The Egyptians used a multitude of physical tools to evoke Heka, a silver dagger, amulets, effigies, wax, herbs, metals, animal parts, blood, symbols, incense, the staff, to name a few. Tools were used to direct the will, intent and to invoke the Goddesses and Gods to aid the practitioner.
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